Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and lethal primary malignant brain tumor in adults with a 5-year overall survival rate of less than 10%. Podoplanin (PDPN) is a type I transmembrane mucin-like glycoprotein, expressed in the lymphatic endothelium. Several solid tumors overexpress PDPN, including the mesenchymal type of GBM, which has been reported to present the worst prognosis among GBM subtypes. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) transduced T cells can recognize predefined tumor surface antigens independent of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) restriction, which is often downregulated in gliomas. We constructed a lentiviral vector expressing a third generation CAR comprising a PDPN-specific antibody [NZ-1-based single chain variable fragment (scFv)] with CD28, 4-1BB, and CD3ζ intracellular domains. CAR-transduced peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) were immunologically evaluated by calcein-mediated cytotoxic assay, ELISA, tumor size, and overall survival. The generated CAR T cells were specific and effective against PDPN-positive GBM cells in vitro. Systemic injection of the CAR T cells into an immunodeficient mouse model inhibited the growth of intracranial glioma xenografts in vivo. CAR T cell therapy that targets PDPN would be a promising adoptive immunotherapy to treat mesenchymal GBM.
- Received March 3, 2015.
- Revision received October 27, 2015.
- Accepted November 30, 2015.
- Copyright © 2016, American Association for Cancer Research.