Functionally pleiotropic human γδ T cells are a unique set of immune cells that exhibit qualities of both innate and adaptive immune responses. In contrast to αβ T cells, γδ T cells recognize their ligands independent of MHC and are infrequent (1%–5% of T cells) in peripheral blood. Studies have shown that γδ T cells exhibit endogenous cytotoxicity towards tumor cells by directly recognizing a diverse array of Tumor Associated Antigen (TAA) and have the ability to present TAA to elicit an antitumor response. This broad recognition of antitumor activity is achieved because these cells express a diverse TCR γδ repertoire (combination of Vδ1, Vδ2, or Vδ3 with one of fourteen Vγ chains). Because of their characteristics γδ T cells are attractive targets for clinical manipulation and tumor immunotherapy. To obtain clinically significant numbers of cells for immunotherapy current ex vivo γδ T cells expansion protocol uses Zoledronic acid, an aminobisphosphonate that results only in selective propagation of Vγ9Vδ2. These cells however, showed clinical response against both solid and hematologic tumors. We have previously shown a novel ex vivo expansion protocol using artificial antigen presenting cells (aAPC), IL2 and IL21 assist aAPC in activating and expanding polyclonal γδ T-cells (Vδ1, Vδ2 and Vδ1neg Vδ2neg T cell subtypes) to clinically significant numbers. These expanded cell subsets secrete proinflammatory cytokines, lysed a broad range of malignancies and improved survival in ovarian cancer xenograft model. To better define the role of the subsets and their application in immunotherapy here we present high-resolution transcriptome, microRNA and secreted cytokine-chemokine signatures of ex vivo expanded subsets. Our data provide an atlas of transcriptional, epigenetic and secretome of three defined subsets, and subset-specific signatures. The data presented here will have a broader impact in understanding the immunobiology of γδ T cell subsets and facilitate improving the human application of these cells in cancer immunotherapy.
Citation Format: Sourindra Maiti, Drew Deniger, Jianliang Dai, Laurence Cooper. Transcriptional and epigenetic signatures of ex vivo propagated three distinct TCR Vδ1, TCR Vδ2 and TCR Vδ3 cell subtypes with broad specificity for malignancies. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR Inaugural International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science into Survival; September 16-19, 2015; New York, NY. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2016;4(1 Suppl):Abstract nr B028.
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