Bi-specific T cell engager antibody (BiTE) therapy has recently emerged as an effective immunotherapy by redirecting polyclonal T cell cytotoxicity against cell surface protein on tumor cells. We generated the first BiTE construct derived from a TCR-mimic monoclonal antibody (mAb), ESK1, specific for a peptide from an intracellular oncoprotein, WT1, in the context of HLA-A*02:01 molecules. Despite the low density peptide/HLA-A2 complex on the cell surface, ESK-BiTE was able to selectively activate and induce proliferation of cytolytic human T cells to kill multiple leukemias and cancers in vitro and in mice. Surprisingly, we also discovered that in an autologous setting, ESK-BiTE induced a robust secondary CD8 T cell response specific for antigens other than WT1, including HLA-A2-restricted her2-neu-derived peptide 369-377, in patients with her2- positive ovarian cancer. Therefore, the study demonstrated a new vaccinal mechanism for BiTE mAb action that could contribute to more effective long-term therapeutic activity of BiTE's and further broaden their reach to other tumor antigens not previously known or originally targeted.
Citation Format: Tao Dao, Dmitry Pankov, Andrew Scott, Tatyana Korontsvit, Victoriya Zakhaleva, Manuel Direito de Morais Guerrerio, Yiyang Xu, Jingyi Xiang, Su Yan, Nicholas Veomett, Nicholas Veomett, Leonid Dubrovsky, Michael Curcio, Ekaterina Doubrovina, Cheng Liu, Richard J. O'Reilly, David A. Scheinberg. Potent therapeutic and immunological effects of the first T-BiTE derived from a TCR-mimic antibody targeting intracellular oncoprotein WT1. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR Inaugural International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science into Survival; September 16-19, 2015; New York, NY. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2016;4(1 Suppl):Abstract nr A055.
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