We have determined that antitumor antibodies, when combined with extended systemic exposure to IL-2, strongly polarize an inflammatory tumor microenvironment and generate a vaccinal effect that significantly potentiates adoptive T cell therapies (1). We have broadened this approach by delivering activating Fc domains to tumors via a small peptide that targets RGD-binding integrins (i.e. alpha V beta 3 and alpha 5 beta1). Combining integrin-targeted Fc-mediated effector functions with extended IL-2 exposure leads to ablation of established syngeneic tumors, with formation of protective immunity against subsequent tumor rechallenge. The therapeutic index of this protocol is excellent in wild-type mice, with mild transient reversible toxicities attributable primarily to IL-2 exposure. These results provide a strong case for using tumor-opsonizing agents such as monoclonal antibodies or Fc fusions to synergize with T-cell directed immunotherapies.Reference1. Zhu EF, Gai SA, Opel CF, Kwan BH, Surana R, Mihm MC, Kauke MJ, Moynihan KD, Angelini A, Williams RT, Stephan MT, Kim JS, Yaffe MB, Irvine DJ, Weiner LM, Dranoff G, Wittrup KD. Synergistic innate and adaptive immune response to combination immunotherapy with anti-tumor antigen antibodies and extended serum half-life IL-2. Cancer Cell 2015;27(4):489-501.
Citation Format: Karl Dane Wittrup. Synergistic innate and adaptive integrin-targeted immunotherapy [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Second CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science into Survival; 2016 Sept 25-28; New York, NY. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2016;4(11 Suppl):Abstract nr IA25.
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