Cancer mutations yield neo-antigens, which are instrumental to immune-mediated recognition and control of cancer. Vaccine-based therapies targeting neo-antigens will require accurate prediction of which mutations yield peptides presented on polymorphic HLA class I. While in vitro methods have produced increasingly accurate predictors of peptide:MHC binding, there remains a need to define rules for endogenous antigen presentation. Here, we use rapid, high-resolution liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to identify >24,000 peptides associated with 16 HLA alleles in B cell lines that each express a single HLA allele. The elution of peptides from single HLA alleles allowed us to develop improved rules for endogenous peptide presentation based on the physicochemical properties of binding peptides, patterns of peptide cleavage and abundance of cognate transcripts. Finally, we trained models that integrated MS-derived peptide data and gene expression and demonstrate improved prediction of endogenous peptide presentation in independent datasets. Our strategy thus improves the performance of current predictive algorithms and provides a rapid and scalable method to generate rules for the massive and diverse set of human HLA alleles.
Citation Format: Michael S. Rooney, Jennifer G. Abelin, Derin B. Keskin, Siranush Sarkizova, Christina Hartigan, Wandi Zhang, John Sidney, Jonathan Stevens, William J. Lane, Guang L. Zhang, Karl R. Clauser, Nir Hacohen, Steven A. Carr, Catherine J. Wu. High-throughput profiling of HLA allele-specific peptides by MS for improved epitope prediction [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Second CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science into Survival; 2016 Sept 25-28; New York, NY. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2016;4(11 Suppl):Abstract nr B089.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.