It is becoming clear that immune cells play many important but sometimes conflicting roles in cancer., and iImmune profile changes at sites of immune–cancer interactions, such as the tumor microenvironment and tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs), may represent a sensitive predictor of local and distant tumor metastasis. However, standard pathologic analysis of tumor sections has remained at the visual assessment of one marker per serial section level; it would be extremely useful to be able to visualize the distributions of multiple phenotyped immune and other cells in-situ in solid tumors to dissect the complex interplay between immune/stromal cells and cancer cells within tumors, tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs), and blood. We generate immune profiles that include complete immunophenotyping and identification of cellular spatial relationships within and between the tumor microenvironment and TDLNs from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded lymph node and tumor specimens from cancer patients using a combination of multiplexed IHC/IF, multispectral imaging, and automated image analysis which delivers quantitative per-cell measures of each marker. These per-cell intensities are then translated into a phenotype for each cell. We have found that immune cell populations as well as their spatial distributions and clustering patterns have strong correlation with clinical outcome.
Citation Format: James Mansfield, Peter Lee. Immune-cancer interactions in tumors and tumor-draining lymph nodes: Novel prognostic indicators for breast cancer. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference: Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy: A New Chapter; December 1-4, 2014; Orlando, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Immunol Res 2015;3(10 Suppl):Abstract nr A81.
- ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.